Dynamic, digital collections of authentic information from different media, in many forms, and with multiple purposes.

Three Types of Portfolios

  • Performance portfolios are collections of a student’s best work, with the student taking the lead in the selection of the work and providing an explanation as to why they should be included.
  • Process portfolios contain several versions of a selected work. Such a portfolio might hold early drafts of a paper or poem to show how the piece developed over time.
  • Progress portfolios are often managed by teachers. They hold collections of work intended to illustrate children’s development over time.


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© Matt Renwick. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

Types of Technologies for Digital Portfolios

Technology Strengths Limits

Kidblog (

Edublogs (


·      A common tool used by many people around the world.

·      Allows for a wide audience to view and comment on student work.

·      Lends itself well to chronicling student learning, especially writing.

·      Harder to organize and view learning artifacts; must use tags or categories.

·      Involves possibly too much visibility for students, especially younger ones.

·      Tools used are not readily transferrable beyond K–12.

Dedicated Portfolio Application

FreshGrade (

Seesaw (


·      Easiest to use of all portfolio assessment tools.

·      Social media design engages parents via mobile devices.

·      Strong security measures to ensure student privacy.


·      With ease of use, students are not learning essential digital skills.

·      Student learning entries can become lost in all of the posts.

·      Dedicated portfolio applications have limited life (K–12).


Google Sites (

Weebly (


·      Most relevant digital presence a student can have in the future.

·      Students learn the ins and outs of maintaining a digital presence.

·      Integration with other applications can be a benefit.


·      Learning curve with maintaining a website.

·      Harder to communicate learning artifacts with families (versus blogs or apps).

·      Not necessarily built with education in mind.

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